One of the strongest manifestations of suffering is life on the warfront. These multiple portfolios of wartime prints all evoke the sense of sorrow and pain that comes along with war, while also capturing the endurance required from the soldiers. Many of the prints in all three of the portfolios show fallen soldiers piling up around the feet of those still fighting– one of the most significant prints of defending the home front is Goya's "What Courage!" aquatint, depicting a woman filling in for dead soldiers in operating a cannon. Such images of noble acts like this were ideal for making into prints during wartime, because the opportunity for mass distribution created the potential to develop unity amongst the masses in their mutual reaction to the imagery: feelings of dread and dismay could evolve into solidity and nationalism as more public sympathy unfolds. Personally, one of my prints of the many provided does not have the same direct impact as the others. Otto Dix's "Crater Field near Dontrien" is an incredible example of the potential of black and images. The immense black background masterfully evokes nigh time while at the same implying a deep, deep horizon because of the degradation of the size of the craters. Out of context, the scene looks almost alien, or of a lunar quality, adding to the foreign nature of the warfront.