A one-party state , single-party state , one-party system , or single-party system is a type of unitary state in which only one political party has the right to form the government, usually based on the existing constitution. Sometimes the term de facto one-party state is used to describe a dominant-party system that, unlike the one-party state, allows at least nominally democratic multiparty elections, but the existing practices or balance of political power effectively prevent the opposition from winning power. One-party states explain themselves through various methods. Most often, proponents of a one-party state argue that the existence of separate parties runs counter to national unity. Others argue that the one party is the vanguard of the people, and therefore its right to rule cannot be legitimately questioned. The Soviet government argued that multiple parties represented the class struggle and because of this the Soviet Union legally authorized and recognized a single party leading the proletariat, namely the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Single männer bezirk in emmendingen; Erotikanzeigen at
Hug - Vicki Leach with Deadgood Studio
There have been three historical forms of the single-party system: communist, fascist, and that found in less-developed countries. In communist countries of the 20th century, the party was considered to be the spearhead of the urban working class and of other workers united with it peasants, intellectuals , etc. Its role was to aid in the building of a socialist regime during the transitory phase between capitalism and pure socialism , called the dictatorship of the proletariat. An understanding of the exact role of the party requires an appreciation of the Marxist conception of the evolution of the state. In countries based on private ownership of the means of production, the power of the state, according to the Marxist point of view, is used to further the interests of the controlling capitalists. In the first stage of revolution the power of the state is broken.
Professor Herten leads the Single Molecule Spectroscopy group at Heidelberg University aiming at quantitative analytical approaches in biology and chemistry based on single-molecule data acquired with advanced fluorescence microscopy. The groups research interests range from the development of fluorescent probes for live-cell microscopy to the investigation of chemical reactions on a single-molecule level. In the area of single-molecule chemistry, the group have now turned to more complex catalytic reactions to try to identify individual reaction steps and alternative reaction pathways.
A single party state occurs when only one political party has the right to form the government. This result usually occurs because of what the existing constitution or governing documents declare is possible, allowing for a one-party solution that does not allow the participation of others. All other parties are either outlawed entirely or allowed to have limited or controlled participation in an election. A single party state can also occur in democratic multi-party elections when a dominant party continues a streak of domination at the ballot box. This version of governing usually occurs when the existing practices or balance of power effectively prevent political opponents from ever winning an election.