Chad looks set to become the 37th country in Africa to outlaw homosexuality after government ministers voted to make same-sex relations a crime punishable by up to 20 years in prison. The new penal code also abolishes the death penalty, more than a decade after the last execution of prisoners, a move welcomed by activists. Geel added that the reform of the penal code had been in preparation for 10 years but the question of homosexuality, while considered immoral, had never been an issue in Chad. The development is part of a wave of homophobia sweeping across Africa. Some observers believe it may have been a response to the increased visibility and assertiveness of gay lifestyles and politics in Africa, though US evangelical Christians have been widely blamed for instigating draconian anti-gay legislation in Uganda and other countries.
The Global Divide on Homosexuality | Pew Research Center
The Saudi social mores and laws are heavily influenced by ultra-conservative Muslims. Homosexuality and being transgender are widely seen as immoral and indecent activities, and the law punishes acts of homosexuality or cross-dressing with punishments of fines, prison time up to life,  and capital punishment. Saudi Arabia has no criminal code. This is derived from the Qur'an and the traditions of Muhammad contained in the Sunnah ;  ijma , or scholarly consensus on the meaning of the Qur'an and the Sunnah developed after Muhammad's death; and Qiyas , or analogical reasoning applied to the principles of the Qur'an, Sunnah and ijma. Reformers have often called for codified laws to be instituted, and there appears to be a trend in the country to codify, publish and even translate some Saudi criminal and civil laws. Liwat sodomy is to be. Sodomy is proven either by the perpetrator confessing four times or by the testimony of four trustworthy Muslim men, who were eyewitnesses to the act.
Gay rights around the world: the best and worst countries for equality
The Uganda Anti-Homosexuality Act, previously called the " Kill the Gays bill " in the western mainstream media due to death penalty clauses proposed in the original version    was passed by the Parliament of Uganda , on 20 December with life in prison substituted for the death penalty. The act would have broadened the criminalisation of same-sex relations in Uganda domestically. It also includes provisions about persons outside of Uganda who are charged with violating the act, asserting that they may be extradited to Uganda for punishment there. The act also includes penalties for individuals, companies, and non-governmental organisations that aid or abet same-sex sexual acts, including conducting a gay marriage. Furthermore, the act enables the Ugandan government to rescind international and regional commitments it deems outside of the interest of the act's provisions.
A strong global movement has improved respect for the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender LGBT people around the world. However, at least 69 countries have national laws criminalizing same-sex relations between consenting adults. This series of maps provides a global overview of those laws.