He participated with Francisco Pizarro in the Spanish conquest of Peru. While subduing the Inca Empire he laid the foundation for Quito and Trujillo as Spanish cities in present-day Ecuador and Peru respectively. From Peru Almagro led the first Spanish military expedition to central Chile. Back in Peru, a longstanding conflict with Pizarro over the control of the former Inca capital of Cuzco erupted into a civil war between the two bands of conquistadores. In the battle of Las Salinas in Almagro was defeated by the Pizarro brothers and months later he was executed.
Spanish rule in Peru was consolidated in with the execution of Atahualpa, the reigning Inca monarch, and the conquistadors' military occupation of the Inca capital of Cuzco. And in that same year Spanish rule was solidified by the installation of Manco Inca Capac, a nephew of Atahualpa, as a puppet king in alliance with the Spaniards. The leader of the conquistadors, Francisco Pizarro ca. But in order to further establish Spanish hegemony, Pizarro moved the capital in to the newly established Spanish city of Lima on the Pacific coast, where there had been no prior Inca city. Other Spaniards established municipalities at key points throughout the interior in order to facilitate trade and communication with other Spanish territories. The new city of Lima would become the capital of the viceroyalty of Peru and, when the discovery of Peruvian silver stimulated the development of a rich commerce with Europe, the largest and most important trading center in South America. Internal rivalries amongst Pizarro and his associates, however, would lead to civil wars among the Spaniards—and finally to the assassination of Pizarro in
Spanish Empire. The Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire , also known as the Conquest of Peru , was one of the most important campaigns in the Spanish colonization of the Americas. After years of preliminary exploration and military skirmishes, Spanish soldiers under conquistador Francisco Pizarro , his brothers, and their indigenous allies captured the Sapa Inca Atahualpa in the Battle of Cajamarca. It was the first step in a long campaign that took decades of fighting but ended in Spanish victory in and colonization of the region as the Viceroyalty of Peru.
Francisco Pizarro was an explorer, soldier and conquistador best known for conquering the Incas and executing their leader, Atahuapla. He was born around in Trujillo, Spain. The downfall of the Incan Empire paved the way for the colonization of Peru by Spain and the founding of its capital, Lima.